VIDEO: The Port of Rotterdam is gradually becoming CO₂ neutral (three steps)
Step 1: the industry takes efficiency measures. Residual warmth is used to heat homes, commercial buildings and greenhouses. CO₂ is captured and stored under the North Sea.
Step 2: a new energy system. In the long term, electricity and hydrogen will play a major role in making the port sustainable. This requires affordable electricity from sustainable sources such as sun and wind.
Step 3: a new raw materials and fuels system. Fossil resources are being replaced through the use of biomass, recycled materials and green hydrogen.